Find out about freight delivery and freight rates

Freight, or cargo, simply means goods that are transported for personal or commercial reasons. These goods can be shipped across a city, a country or even the world, and the distance a shipment travels, along with its weight, size and contents, usually determines how much it will cost for it to reach its destination.

There are several different ways to make a freight delivery: by air, by land or by sea. The best mode of transport for a shipment can depend not only on how far away its destination is, but how fast it has to get there, and placing an order is often as easy as making a call or using an online freight service. Here is a closer look at some different ways to ship domestic and international freight.

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Truck Cargo

Perhaps the most popular form of freight cargo transportation is by truck or tractor-trailer. In the United States, any shipment heavier than 20,000 pounds (10 short tons) is classified as a truckload. For companies interested in shipping via truck, it's important to know that the rate per ton of material is always less if the order is a large one; the more tonnage that is shipped, the lower the freight rates. However, you should also consider that the cost of freight services can depend on the type of terrain being traversed and the nature of the material being shipped.

Air Cargo

Moving freight by air is not only a necessity for many intercontinental shipments, it can also be a great way for businesses to ship domestic packages more quickly. Remember, though, that air freight prices are often calculated based on the distance from airport to airport, and may not include the cost of any additional shipping by ground.

Freight Train

Since the 19th century, trains have been an ideal way to ship goods over land. Cost-wise, shipping by rail is often more efficient than other forms of transportation because weather conditions are less impactful, and the terrain is more consistent—for example, trains are not slowed down by the destructive work of road construction equipment, as trucks are. Unfortunately, because routes are, of course, not as extensive as highways and roads, shipping freight to destinations not found along a rail line can be inconvenient and incur added expenses.